The Wetland of Kallonis Gulf is one of the most significant parts of the ecologic assets of Lesvos.The mosaic of salt-pits, small rivers and torrents estuaries, reedy - areas, pine-trees woods and olive groves give
natural shelter and become proper place for reproduction to numerous rare and protected species of birds.The area has been placed among the European Program " Special Areas of Nature's Preservation" of the net NATURA 2000.
At present 134 species of birds have been registered. The 66 of them are migratory without having included the particular species of the neighboring terrestrial ecosystems.That's why Skala kallonis is the islants bird watching centre in early spring .
Among others, the particular area has an extremely rich flora so as a conclusion we can say that the wetland of Kalloni Gulf does not only contribute in offering shelter to various species of birds , but also in the presentation of the area's biodiversity. We can say that the Wetland , except from the ecologic nad economic significance, has an aesthetic significance too.